Al-Mustafa Open University expresses condolences on martyrdom of Lady Fatima Zahra (S.A.) daughter of the Holy prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W.)

Name :

Fatima (salam ullah Alaiha – S.A.)

Title :

Az-Zahra

Agnomen :

Umm-ul-Aimma, Umm-e-Abiha

Father :

Holy Prophet Muhammad Ibn-e-Abdulla (S.A.W.W)

Mother :

Bibi Khadija bint-e-Khuwailid (A.S.)

Birth :

In Makkah Friday 20th of Jamadi-ul-Akhar

Death :

13th Jamadi-ul-Uula or 3rd Jamadi-ul-Thaniya 11 Hijrah at Medina at the age of 18 years (due to injury inflicted upon her through force of a falling door by a hypocrite)

Burial :

The cemetery of Jannatul Baqi or in the Masjid-un-Nabi at Medina

 

 

Fatima (S.A.) The Radiant

Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) reported that his father quoted Jabir bin Abdullah as saying: The Messenger of Allah, Peace be Upon him and his cleansed progeny, said: When Allah created Adam and Eve, they strutted through paradise and said: Who are better than we? ‘At that moment they noticed an image of a girl like they had never seen before; from this girl came an illuminating light so bright that it almost blinded the eyes.
They said: O Lord, what is this? ‘He answered: This is the Image of Fatima (S.A.), the mistress of your women descendants.

Lisan Al Mizan Volume 3 page 346

Ibn Abbas said: Aisha entered the house while the Messenegr of Allah was kissing Fatima (S.A.), so she said: Do you love her, O Messenger of Allah?

He replied: Indeed, by Allah if you knew the extent of my love for her, your love would increase for her. When I was in the fourth heaven ... that I found these dates softer than butter, more pleasant than musk and sweeter than honey. So when I descended to earth, I came unto Khadija and she bore Fatima. Thus Fatima is a human huri, whenever I long for paradise I smell her.

Hazrat Fatima Zahra (S.A.)s other names:

Az-Zahra: She was named by Allah the Almighty, as Az-Zahra because her Holy Light used to shine among those brighter in all The Heavens.

Batool: Because of her absolute Purity attained from Paradise from The Heavens. And also because, The Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra, not like all the other women in the world, she had been blessed of not having the monthly menstrual period. This purity of hers was created by Allah The Almighty with the Purity of the Heavenly food and water her Holy Father had received, when he was alone on the mountain top indulging him in prayer in the worship of God, for forty days and nights.

Siddiqah: The Honest, The Righteous

Al-Mubarakah: The Blessed One

Al-Tahirah: The Virtuous, The Pure

Al-Zakiyah: The Chaste, The Unblemished

Al-Radhiatul Mardhiah: She who is gratified and who shall be satisfied

Al-Muhaddathah: A person other than a Prophet, that the angels speak too

Al-Zahirah: The Luminous

The Leader of all Women in Paradise

Like her Holy Infallible Father (S.A.W.W), she possessed all the intellectual abilities and achievements. Many verses of The Holy Koran were revealed in her praise and about her spiritual credits. The Holy Prophet of Islam(S.A.W.W)had given her several honorable titles among which one is:

The Holy Prophet her Father (S.A.W.W) loved her very much Whenever she would go to the house of her father The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) would stand up out of respect to her. Whenever he greeted her, and he would honor her by giving her a special place to seat herself in his house. Very often Her Father (S.A.W.W) would softly kiss her hands and say, "Allah, The Most High; is pleased when Fatimah (A.S.) is pleased. He is angered; whenever Fatimah is angered!"

Her Prayer

One day the Holy Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra (S.A.) was shown by her Father, The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), and a very special kind of Prayer. That he himself was shown earlier by The Trusted Archangel Jibrael (A.S.).

This special After-Prayer is to be said after each time; any Prayer of Worship is concluded.

The Holy Lady (S.A.) in turn began to teach the short Prayer to so many others. That in the very short time, it became to be known as the Prayer of Fatimah Al-Zahra (S.A.).

The Prayer

Take any kind of Prayer Bead string, such as shown on the image below. The Prayer String should have a total of 99 beads, with two dividers and ahead called the Sheikh.

The Prayer Bead is taken by the left hand and with the index finger and tomb of the right hand draws each bead separately one by one and saying the words as described below.

For first set of 33 beads plus counting the first divider. Hence totaling in all 34 beads. For each bead passed say the clearly the words to yourself: ALLAHO AKBAR For each of the 34 beads separately. For the next second set of 33 beads. For each bead passed say the clearly the words to yourself: AL-HAMDU LE ALLAH For each of the 33 beads separately. For the third set of 33 beads For each bead passed say the clearly the words to yourself: SUBHANA LE ALLAH For each of the 33 beads separately.

Totaling 100 beads

That concludes the Prayer of the Holy Infallible Lady of all women, in all of the worlds and in all of the Seven Heavens, The Lady Fatimah Al-Zahra(S.A.)

Most or if not all of the Mujtahideen express a great Mustahab (preferable) as near to as Wajib (compulsory) to say this Prayer after any Prayer of Worship is concluded.

Many Muslims carry with them at all times the Prayer Bead String so that they can recite this prayer numerously at any time of the day and night. Especially at times when one has nothing to do such as waiting or sitting around lazily.

So think about it! What better way of filling your spare and idle time than to quietly recite this small Prayer to yourself in the rememberance and in thankfulness of Allah your Creator and Master. And in return Allah will reward His untold Thawaab and Ajar(reward)!

Thus it is good to always recite, in Ones idle times. For it keeps the mind away from straying into troubled terrain. But to keep it travelling on the true and right track of good and steer away from evil with its untold mischievoius wicked thoughts and ideas etc.

Her Sacred Life

The most predominant view in the traditions transmitted by our traditionists is that Fatimah az-Zahra (S.A.) was born in Mecca, on the twentieth of Jumada l-Akhir, in the fifth year of the Prophets apostolic career. It is also asserted that when the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) died, Fatimah (A.S.) was eighteen years and seven months old.

The scholar Abu Said al-Hafiz relates in his book Sharafun-Nabiyy that all the children of the Messenger of Allah were born before Islam except Fatimah and Ibrahim, who were born in Islam.

It is reported that the sixth Imam Jafar as-Sadiq(A.S.) said:

"Fatimah (A.S.) has nine names with Allah. They are: Fatimah, as-Siddiqah (the Righteous), al-Mubarakah (the Blessed), at-Tahirah (the Pure), az-Zakiyyah (the Unblemished), arRadiyah (the one content with Allahs pleasure), al-Mardiyyah (the one pleasing to Allah), al-Muhaddathah (the one spoken to by angels) and az-Zahirah (the Luminous). In the Musnad (collection of transmitted hadiths) of the eighth Imam Reza (A.S.), it is reported that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) declared: "I named my daughter Fatimah because Allah weaned her.

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) also called her al-Batul (pure virgin), and said to `Aishah: "O Humayra (a reddish white, a well-known epithet of `Aishah), Fatimah is not like the women of human kind, nor does she suffer the illness you (women) suffer! " This is explained in another prophetic tradition which asserts that she never menstruated. It is likewise reported by Sunni traditionists on the authority of Anas ibn Malik, who heard Umm Salim, the wife of Abu Talhah al-Ansari, say: "Fatimah never experienced the blood of menstruation or parturition, for she was created from the waters of Paradise." This is because when the Messenger of Allah was transported to heaven, he entered Paradise, where he ate of its fruits and drank its water.

Proofs Of Her `Ismah (Infallibility), Some Of The Signs Proving Her Status With Allah, And Traditions Indicating Her Excellence And Exalted Status

One of the most incontrovertible proofs of Fatimahs infallibility is Allahs saying: Surely Allah wishes to keep away all abomination from you, O People of the House, and purify you with a great purification [Quran, 33: 33]. The argument in favor of this, is that the Muslim community has unanimously agreed that the `People of the House (i.e., Ahlul-Bayt), intended in this verse are the People of the Household of the Messenger of Allah. Traditions (ahadith) of both the Shi`i and Sunni communities have asserted that this verse particularly refers to ‘Ali (A.S.), Fatimah (A.S.), Hasan (A.S.) and Husayn (A.S.) The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), moreover, spread over them all one day a Khaybarite mantle and prayed: "O Allah, these are the People of my Household, keep away all abomination from them and purify them with a great purification!" Umm Salamah said: "I too, O Apostle of Allah, am of the People of your House!" He answered: "Your lot shall be good!"

The Divine Will expressed in this verse must by necessity be either an abstract will not implemented by an action, or a will accompanied by an action. The first option is untenable because it implies no particular applicability to the People of the Prophets House; such a will is shared by all obligated (mukallafin) human beings. Nor is abstract will by itself cause for praise. The entire community has concurred on the view that this verse proclaims the excellence of the People of the Prophets House over all others, and that the verse refers to them alone. Thus the second option (that the Divine Will referred to in the verse is a will accompanied by action) is true, and in it is clear proof of the infallibility of those who were intended in the verse. It implies further that it is impossible for them to commit any evil action. Moreover, any others whom we have not named here are no doubt not held by general consensus as possessing `ismah (protection from error). Thus since the verse necessarily implies infallibility it must apply to them (the People of the Prophets House), because it pertains to no other individuals.

The Holy Prophet of Islam(S.A.W.W)said:"Fatimah(A.S.) is part of me"

The Time Of Fatimahs Martyrdom And The Spot Of Her Grave

It is reported that Bibi Fatimah (S.A.) died on the 13th Jamadi-al-Awwal or 3rd of Jumadi-al-Akhir in the 11th year of the Hijrah. She survived the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) by only ninety-five days.

The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (A.S.) himself took charge of her washing. It is reported that Asma daughter of `Umays assisted him in washing her. Asma related: "Fatimah (A.S.) had stated in her will that no one should wash her corpse except ‘Ali (A.S.) and I. Thus we washed her together, and the Commander of the Faithful prayed over her along with Hasan (A.S.) and Husayn (A.S.), `Amman ibn Yasir, Miqdad, `Aqil, az-Zubayr, Abu Dharr, Salman, Buraydah and a few men of Banu Hashim. They prayed over her in the night, and in accordance with her own will Ali the Commander of the Faithful buried her in secret."

There is much disagreement among traditionists as to the exact spot of her grave. Our own traditionists have asserted that she was buried in the Baqi `. Others said that she was buried in her own chamber, and that when the Umayyad rulers enlarged the Mosque of Medina, her grave came to be in the sanctuary. Still others argued that she was buried between the grave and pulpit of the Prophet. It is to this that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) eluded in his saying: "There is between my grave and pulpit a garden of the gardens of Paradise." The first view is unlikely, while the two other views are nearer to the truth. Thus, those who wish to apply the principle of caution (ihtiyat) when performing ziyarah, or pilgrimage, to her grave, should do so in all three places.

Sayings of Hadhrat Fatima Zahra(S.A.)

1. Praise and Eulogy is for Allah for the blessing and bounties which He has bestowed. And thanks to HIM upon what He revelated (to His servants) And Praise is for HIM upon the common boons and blessings which He bestowed upon His servants without their request And upon the comprehensive and complete blessings which He granted to all and sundry and gave it to us, consequetively. Those graces and favours which are uncountable.

And are irredeemable and uncompensatable due to their plentifulness of number. And the imagination of their end is out of the reach of human mind.

He invited the servant to thankfuness for the sake of the consequetive and continous enhanecment of blessings. And opened the door of euloqy and Praise (of Allah) upon them so that He may make his favours and beneficiences great and plentiful for them.

2. I testify that there is no Diety (Lord) except the sole and matchless Allah. And the testification of the singleness of Allah is a word that Allah has declared sincerity (as) its reality, and made the hearts the center of its contact and union. And has made the specifications and research of the oneness of Allahs station obvious and evident in the light of meditation. The Allah Who cannot be seen by the eyes and tongues are unable and baffled to describe His virtues and attributes. And the intelligence and apprehension of man is helpless and destitute from the imagination of his howness.

3. Allah made all the beings without previous matter and sample and shape and pattern. And made them wear the dress of life by His main and mights and created them according to His Devine will and Intention short of it that He might have neeeded their creatlon or have wished any benefit for Himself from their shaping and sketching except this that he wanted to give a proof of Hls wisdom and make the people (creations) aware about His obedience and submisslon and invited them to his servitude and worship and make His Invitation grand and ostentatlous.

4. Allah fixed the reward for His obedience and torment for His insubordination and disobedience so that He may restraln His servants from His wrath and fury and lead them to His paradise.

5. And I testify that my father Mohammad (S.A.W.W) is the apostle and the servant of Allah. And Allah selected and chose him before appointing him at the post of Prophethood. And He named him before choosing and selecting him. And chose him before enjoying and delegating him. Then all the creations were hidden and covered in the covers of unseen and were hidden amid the screen and curtain of fear and fright and stayed near the last and final border of non-entity (nothingness) for Allah was aware of and knew the end of matters and because of His encompassing the incidents of times and ages and His knowledge of the predestinates.

Allah appointed him (as apostle) so that he may complete and finalize His matter and Implement His order and materialize His decreeds and predestinates.

 

 

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